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Asian Hornet News

Asian Hornets – copyright BBKA

Hello BeeKeepers,

It is VITAL that all beekeepers remain persistently vigilant , and report all sightings of Asian Hornets to protect not just Bees but all insects from this voracious and nasty insect! – WebBee

Report IMMEDIATELY via the NNSS website, phone App or email.

Here are some stories about the Asian Hornet in no particular Order.

UK:-

Re-published from BBKA Chairmans newsletter.

Asian Hornets in Jersey

This is from Judith Norman who volunteered to help in Jersey.

Earlier this month Diane Roberts sent an email suggesting that beekeepers go to help out in Jersey because the Asian hornets were multiplying at such a rate that local beekeepers were swamped with the workload. At first I felt awfully noble, dashing to their rescue, but I have a confession to make: it turned out to be the most fun I have had in ages. I got thoroughly hooked on the thrill of the chase, as well as the camaraderie of working alongside like-minded people who enjoyed using their wits to overcome every type of obstacle one could imagine. Locating the nests was our only task; as soon as a nest was discovered, the local pest controllers were notified, and we dashed off to work in the next location where hornets had been spotted.

A helpful step forward was viewing the brief footage of Bob Hogge, who developed the technique, demonstrating how he marks hornets, notes carefully the direction of flight, as far as he can see, and then times their return. From that, he works out roughly how far away the nest is, and then moves his bait along in that direction to get a bit closer, until he finds that the return times are under two minutes. He places a further bait station beyond where he thinks the nest could be, and confirms that he now sees them flying back in the opposite direction.

MARKING HORNETS
I was worried about the bravado of not wearing a bee suit when I first saw the video. In practice, I didn’t wear mine at all during the week. Even though the bait attracted wasps by the hundred, neither they nor the hornets are the least bit interested in being pesky while they are supping on the tasty bait. We used queen catchers (the kind with the sponge plunger) to catch the hornets and mark them with the same markers we use for queens. We had some stop watches, and otherwise used the stop watch function on our mobile phones, to time the returns.
I will give a suggested list of things to carry for setting up and monitoring the bait stations later.

MY FIRST EXPERIENCES
Bob Hogge, one of the two most active hornet tracking beekeepers, was on holiday, but invited me to stay with him from Monday. Flights from Exeter were being snapped up under my nose while I searched on line, so I stuck out my neck and booked for the following day with a hotel stay for the first two nights.

Bob was extraordinarily hospitable. He is a wonderful lateral thinker, and keen on education, and put huge effort into making sure that I (and the other three volunteers who were under his wing) understood as much as possible about hornet habits. He was such an excellent host, even providing home cooked meals…….lobster, no less, and a perfect soufflé, for example, that at times I worried that he should have been spending more time actively nest hunting. He seemed to be able to juggle an amazing number of balls at once and within a couple of days we felt as though we were becoming “experts”, with good marking skills and passable bait station management. Bob lent us his second car and we got to know the island as we travelled between parishes, helping teams on the ground who needed more bait stations than they could monitor for themselves. We sometimes found the nests ourselves, and in the excitement may have made the mistake briefly of thinking we were getting quite clever, but soon remembered that every time we arrived, local teams had been slogging away patiently moving their bait stations closer and closer, perhaps for days, so if we found a nest, it was largely due to their having laid the foundation. If they felt miffed that we had wandered in towards the end and cherry picked, they graciously didn’t show it, but made a big fuss with back slapping and posing for photos and generally celebrating.

HORNET FLIGHT PATHS
Individual hornets visiting a bait station will have fairly consistent flight paths. These probably won’t be in straight lines, though. In an open area, they may well fly along a hedge line, and in town they may follow open streets! Some may fly straight through a line of trees but others may go all the way around the line of trees. It is easy to see one fly if it has open sky as a background, but as soon as it passes in front of a tree, for instance, it is no longer visible. Having several people with radios cuts down enormously on the time and leg work. If the person at the bait gives a shout as the insect takes off, the others further down may just manage to get a glimpse of it as it rounds a corner, and one can then decide where to place the next bait station, in the bid to get closer to the nest.

MAPS AND ACCESS
John de Carteret, a retired forensic photographer, is the other of the two most active hornet tracking beekeepers. He has been working tirelessly for long hours answering calls about sightings in the various areas, and travelling out to confirm them. His forte is the documentation of the undertaking, which he does mainly by film and still photography. He also produces impressive A3 maps showing small areas in a large scale, which he prints from Google Pro, so one can see individual trees and gates etc. Getting hold of one of John’s maps transforms one’s task. It makes it easier to plan and deploy team members, and to record flight directions so that one doesn’t get muddled with so much information coming in. Even for local beekeepers who know the area well, John’s maps are highly prized and make the work much easier and speed progress.

We did a fair amount of climbing over gates and wandering through woods, but tried very diligently to gain permission from property owners first. On the whole people were aware of the importance of tracking hornets, having heard about it on the news. We received warm welcomes from all types of people, and on my first day I was amused that we trudged off from one garden in a council estate carrying some mackerel and three giant cucumbers, which we had been given as a reward for our endeavours. We had offers of tea frequently, and had our water bottles filled every couple of hours. I was invited into some palatial homes and gardens, and equally welcomed to the top floor of a humble cottage, in order to be able to see into a tall tree to check for visible insect activity. Nests are very difficult to spot, and it helps to keep a look out for insect traffic in the tree tops, as an indication of a possible nest.

RADIO TRACKING
Two academics from University of Exeter brought their radio tracking equipment, and when we were able to catch big enough hornets, they chilled them to subdue them, and glued on a tiny transmitter under the thorax. They followed the transmitter when they released the hornet, and hoped to locate the nest when the marked hornet arrived. After a few days they were very successful, but for the first few days we felt great satisfaction at finding nests before they did!

The radio tracking certainly has a role, but my impression so far is that they are fairly dependent on our having done the spade work beforehand, to narrow down the area for them. If they start tracking too far from the nest, there can be too much ground for them to cover at speed. The hornets fly very fast even with the transmitters attached, and a person clutching what looks like a big TV aerial that needs to be pointed at a fast moving insect some way off, can only run so fast, and may be hampered by hedges, busy roads, warehouses, and rivers, for example. Once the transmitter has been attached, they may have only the one chance to follow it, because that hornet may get stuck in the nest, and will not necessarily return to the bait to give them another chance. Each transmitter is a very costly item, and finding another hornet and attaching it may take hours, and the bills soon mount up if several transmitters need to be used in the course of locating one nest.

I will list in another instalment what one needs to carry, to set up and monitor bait stations, and also what I think a central coordinator could do to help the teams.

Whilst I had set out to play a role in combatting hornets in Jersey, and I hope I did contribute significantly, I gained far more. I had no concept of the intricacies of successful nest tracking beforehand and was very grateful for the willingness of all team members to spend time sharing their knowledge patiently and explaining carefully to make sure I was going to be able to work effectively.

-Judith Norman.

2017 Asian Hornet news – The year it arrived in the UK in north Devon.

Update:- 28th September 2107

Asian Hornet confirmed sighting in Plymouth.

Looks like there are more Hornet sightings on the way?-WebBee

From an interesting article on the Apiarist.org website HERE

An interactive list of Asian Hornet sightings on Google maps can be seen HERE

Channel Islands

The Channels Islands are an important indication and the “Front line” of the U.K’s Asian Hornet defences; the Asian Hornet has already arrived in the Islands and is trying to set up colonies on new territory.

Several nests have now been discovered and destroyed, each time providing more information about the Hornets ability to survive in northern climbs; the bad news is they are able to survive on the Islands as more nests appear to be being found, so either more hornets are arriving or they are breeding already on the Islands.

Here is some new information on the nest descovered  on 8 September 2017, in Torteval on the islands, this is the States Press release HERE

Mr Damien Harris described how he found it:-

“As it was too overcast and showery to do anything with my bee hives, I decided it would be a perfect opportunity to go out for a walk and see if I could see any Asian hornets flying around the area of Torteval where insects have been sighted.

I have a lot of bee hives on the island and it is in my interest to prevent the spread of the Asian hornet.

I wandered the lanes with my binoculars looking for anything large that could be hornets and mainly by luck saw a large egg shaped object in a tree and knew at once that this was a hornet nest.

The hornets were out wandering over the surface of the nest and flying in and out.

I’m very relieved to have found it as a beekeeper and will continue looking for nests at other potential sites.”

Our thanks to Damien! – WebBee

Here is a link to the Guernsey Beekeepers  for their information and news HERE

France:-

Another Victim or Asian Hornet attack:-

https://www.thelocal.fr/20180919/asian-hornets-claim-another-victim-in-france

Warning to French homeowners about approaching Hornet nests

French botanist discovers plant that eats hornets!

A French Beekeeping group setup to help control the asian Hornet HERE

The suggested best Bait for Hornet traps is presently suggested:-

“Please check and refresh your traps and add the protein element such as cat meat, prawns, mashed fish etc as an encouragement. Meat, fish etc will probably need to be replaced every few days. Don’t abandon the sweet liquid entirely as the hornet gets its reward from the larvae when it returns with mashed up insects but better still if it continues to get it in your trap.

French cocktail used in traps is Biere Brune, vin blanc, Crème de Cassis or Sirop de cassis in the ratio of 2:1:.02 (500ml:250m:l50ml. Use a Ruby beer but not light ales, bitter or stout. Avoid beers with hops and burnt malt. Biere Brune is a strong sweet malt beer”

I suggest all beekeepers try out the relevant components of the Bait, so they can become acclimatised to the things that the Asian Hornets like!

Individually of course…..omit the cat food I suggest…. but don’t drink from the traps!! – WebBee 😉